A small 19th century lignum vitae Go To Bed or protective match box. The top unscrews for storage of matches. The underneath has a series of concentric circles which would have been used to create friction to light a match. The lit match could be placed into a boss in the lid and would give enough light to go to bed hence the name. They were also used as desk items for lighting wax sticks for sealing letters.
This example measures 6.5cm h x 3cm w